Ernest Rutherford is the father of modern nuclear physics, and he is one of the most prominent names in the field of all time. He is the first person to truly think of what nuclear physics could be, and he created an amazing resume that anyone would be happy with. There are many people who are going to study his work if they are interested in the field. He won the Nobel Prize in his field, and he widely considered the father of experimental and theoretical physics.
Working in Academics
Ernest Rutherford was a progressive academic who made his way from his homeland in New Zealdn to Canada when he became a doctor of physics. He began at McGill University, but he later went on to the University of Manchester where he did most of his research. He was able to make his way halfway across the world to become one of the leading people in his field. This is a testament to how good he was in his field, and he is still considered an innovator today because he was able to do things that other people could not. The experiments themselves are still considering groundbreaking, and scientists do the same kinds of things on a much larger scale today.
Ernest Rutherford did some work that helped him to discover the electron. Atoms were considered to be the building blocks of life, but no one knew that these atoms were made up of different parts. He began to do experiments with a chemist who won the Nobel Prize in his own right, and they began to break down the atom to discover that the electrons where on the outside of each atom. These experiments involved gases that were creating radioactivity, and he was able to follow up on work that had been done by Madam Curie.
The Experiments Continue
Rutherford continued his work for many years after his Nobel Prize, and he continued searching to see how far into the atom that he could look. Rutherford worked with every great name of the day. He did experiments with Neils Bohr who was looking at the way that electrons orbited an atom, and he worked with Hans Geiger on the radioactivity of many of the atoms he had done experiments. These names are known well today, but Rutherford was at the heart of all this work. He was a brilliant mind who was able to make it much easier for the world to understand how the building blocks of life are made.
Rutherfordium is named for Rutherford while he was doing work on the atomic structure of each element. He was also able to determine that the atom he was working on were decaying. Scientists once believed that these atoms would not decay, but he used work by Madam Curie to further his own research. It was very easy for him to complete, and he continued to make discoveries that showed that he was right in his thoughts.
He was even so instrumental in the field that he has many things named after him. This is a very important part of the science of today, and people are still looking back at the experiments that he did because they were so useful at the time. Rutherford won his Nobel Prize because he discovered the nuclear structure of atoms. Ernest Rutherford helped other people come up with their own theories, and he practically created the field that people are working in today.
The life of Rutherford was even more interesting. He was educated at Canterbury College and the University of New Zealand. This led him to find the sciences that would consume his life. He wanted to continue his studies, but he had also met his future wife. He had to wait to marry her because of the circumstances of his education and academic positions. He was able to go out to Cambridge to do research, and he was one of the first people known as aliens who were allowed to work at Cambridge without the degree that was needed from the school.
The work that he did helped him get a recommendation for his position at McGill University. He was able to move to Canada to work, and he was able to marry his wife at the same time. This was a great coup for a man who had spent much of his life working so hard to present his ideas. He had once even been beaten out by Marconi, but he continued his work until he reached his own conclusions about the atomic structure that we teach in schools today.
He was knighted during World War I, and he was on a team that was working on sonar detection strategies for the British Navy. This is a great part of his life that many people overlook because he was deep in the thralls of his research when the war broke out. He began giving lectures after the war, but he was still advising the military when it was needed.
He was made Baron Rutherford of Nelson when he was given peerage, but that title unexpectedly fell out of use when he died in 1937.
Ernest Rutherford had a hernia that he had not had fixed, and it became strangulated in a way that caused him to be seriously ill. This sent him off for an emergency surgery that was not successful. He lingered for four days before passing away. He was allowed to be buried in Westminster Abbey near the graves of Issac Newton and other scientists. He had found his place in the world by doing his own science, and he had even become a peer of the royal family. The work of Ernest Rutherford is something that everyone should aspire to because he was able to move from New Zealand to Britain as one of the most noted scientists of his time, and he work even informs what it is we are doing to this day.